Author: Knowledge Management in CACILM Phase II, ICARDA.
Definition of approach:
Joint initiative of neighboring land users to prevent soil erosion of the arable land located on abrupt slopes.
Brief description of approach:
When pasture land was transformed to agricultural land, it was decided to leave an unprocessed strip of land on border between the land users sites located up- and down-slope. This strip was a buffer strip of the arable land with natural grassland preventing a development of a sloping erosion.
Farmers decided to make an equal contribution to implementation of this technology. For this purpose, they secured with an oral arrangement between neighboring land users concerning measures that could be realized in collaboration. As this measure prevented soil erosion on arable land located on abrupt slopes, this decision was favorable to all. According to the involved farmers, there is no reason for rejection of this approach by other farmers as everybody considers it as a big advantage. Nevertheless, it is not excluded that some farmers can refuse to donate a strip of their land for these purposes.
Dekhkans specified that the site which has been allocated for grass creates the only inconvenience. However, the strip grassland only reduces but does not completely prevent soil erosion, and therefore, it is necessary to combine this method with other technologies of soil and water resources protection such as construction of drainage ditches, terraces and/or agroforestry patches.
Location: Fayzabad, RRP.
Stage of intervention: alleviation / reduction of land degradation.
Main land use issues and the main causes of land degradation:
Erosion on abrupt slopes results from land use without application of anti-erosion measures.
Purpose of the approach:
Decrease in soil erosion and leaching of seeds downhill, assistance to prevention of disputes between
neighboring land users about practices and measures of sustainable management of land resources.
Impact of technology
- joint initiatives help to avoid emergence of disputes between neighboring land users;
- production expenses are not required;
- possibility of joint division of land losses between farmers;
- promotes development of relations at the community level.
Not beneficial for poor farmers who rent land from the state. The area occupied by a grass strip is classified as arable and so is more expensive than pastures.
Acceptance/adoption of technology: This approach is poorly disseminated.
Reference(s): WOCAT Database. Approach code: A_TAJ006ru.
Compiled by: Erik Buhlmann, CDE Centre for Development and Environment. Date: 09.07.2011
Contact person: Bettina Volfgram, NCCR North-South, CDE University of Bern, Switzerland.
Name of person(s) collected this description: Tatyana Hamzina, Chief specialist on soil reclamation studies and irrigation regime. UZGIP LTD.
Address: 44, Navoi str., Tashkent, Uzbekistan.
Tel.: +998 90 9945654