Scientific research

Pasture management through rehabilitation of a system of pasturing animal husbandry and radical improvement of pastures

Author: Knowledge Management in CACILM Phase II, ICARDA.

Definition of approach:

Restoration of the degraded pastures and increase of their efficiency by the organization of pasturing animal husbandry and introduction of pasture rotation.

Brief description of approach:

The system of pasturing animal husbandry was organized for reducing the load of near-aul (near-village) pastures within the frame of the GEF/PMG project "Preservation and sustainable use of biodiversity of Kazakh part of Altai - Sayansk eco-region".

The group of GEF/UNDP project consultants established the public association "Mametek". A contract on joint activity was signed between rural akimat, OO "Mametek" and "Atameken" farm according to which the akimat provided near-aul pastures to "Atameken" farm for a short-term rent (for 5 years).

The high-mountainous pasture located 40 km from the Katon-Karagay village was prepared for pasture rotation. Enclosing of night corrals, repair of the road to a pasture, purchasing of equipment for cattle breeders (yurta, tent, solar batteries) was carried out by local inhabitants and financed by the GEF/PMG project. Plan for restoration of the pastures adjacent to the Katon-Karagay national natural park was developed, norms of pasture load were established and the scheme of pasture rotation was developed after inspection of these pastures. All pasture sites were fenced. Livestock of all local inhabitants was organized in herds and a cowboy was employed at the expense of the GEF/PMG project. OO "Mametek" conducts direct organization of works, control of pasture order in sites, norm of pasture and loading.

Location: Katon-Karagay district, East-Kazakhstan.

Area of technology application: 1500 ha.

Main land use issues and the main causes of land degradation:

A considerable increase of a livestock is observed in the district in recent years. As a result, all cattle is concentrated round settlements, there is an unsystematic use of pastures that leads to loss of herbage and land degradation.

Purpose of the approach:

Main objective is restoration of the degraded pastures by renewal of a traditional way (seasonal nomadic animal husbandry) with introduction of pasture rotation and regulated loading with wide involvement of local population.

Assessment

Impact of technology

Main advantages:

- restoration of the degraded pastures and increase of their productivity;

- the steady interconnected scheme Akimat – OO Mametek – Atameken farm is developed, which    allowed to introduce this approach (state and economic structures, local community);

- despite rather high initial expenses, the subsequent current expenses are insignificant.

Main disadvantages:

- the land does not belong to land users, and is provided for a short-term rent. It is unknown whether

the rent will be prolonged.

Acceptance/adoption of technology: The example of the land users participating in realization of the approach induces a part of villagers to join and expand activity.

Reference(s): WOCAT Database. Code of an approach: A_KAZ0089ru.

Compiled by: Pachikin Konstantin. CACILM MSEC. Date: 12.12.2011.

Contact person: Vladimir Cheranev. Ust Kamenogorsk. Tel.: +7232 241216. Email: Vladimir.Cheranev@undp.org

Name of person(s) collected this description: Tatyana Hamzina, Chief specialist on soil reclamation studies and irrigation regime. UZGIP LTD.

Address: 44, Navoi str., Tashkent, Uzbekistan.

Tel.: +998 90 9945654

Email: tatyana_khamzina@mail.ru 

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